As I share with you my thoughts on running, food, and faith, I naturally incorporate  many Islamic terms. This glossary explains the most frequent foci of my mind. If you notice other words that I use without explanation, please comment here, and I’ll update accordingly. Thanks!

Allah: the divine name of God, denoting His absolute Oneness. We believe that there is no god but God, glory be to Him.

Alhamdulillah: praise be to God.

AllahuAkbar: God is the Greatest.

AsalamuAlaikum: Peace be upon you. The greeting Muslims use in place of “hello” when we see one another.

Asr: the 3rd prayer, also refers to the time of day between noon and sunset. Also means “time,” and serves as the title for the 103rd chapter of the Qur’an.

Bismillahi Al-Rahman Al-Raheem: In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. This is how I start almost each action.

Dhuhr: the 2nd prayer, also means noon time.

Fajr: the 1st prayer, also means dawn, the time of day shortly before sunrise. Also serves as the title for the 89th chapter of the Qur’an.

Hadith: preserved sayings or actions of Prophet Muhammad, validated by reputable chains of narrators.

Halal: the Arabic word for “permissible” or “lawful,” referring to food, drink, and all matters of daily life.

Iftar: The meal eaten when the sun sets to break the fast (i.e. during Ramadan).

Isha: the 5th prayer, also means night.

Maghrib: the 4th prayer, also means sunset.

SubhanAllah: Glory be to God.

Suhoor: The meal eaten before dawn in preparation for fasting.

Taraweeh: An additional voluntary prayer offered during the night, after Isha, in Ramadan.

Qur’an: the Holy Book of Islam containing God’s revelation for all of humanity. Revealed to Prophet Muhammad in Arabic over 1,400 years ago, and preserved in its entirety without changes.

Ramadan: the 9th month of the Islamic calendar, in which Muslims fast everyday from dawn to sunset. Fasting includes refraining from food, drinks, and sex.

Ramadan Mubarak: Blessed Ramadan